文章摘要
张开翔,庄大栋,张立,高礼存,张静仪,徐爱珍.洪泽湖所产大银鱼生物学及其增殖的研究[J].水产学报,1981,5(1):29~40
洪泽湖所产大银鱼生物学及其增殖的研究
ON THE PROTOSALANX HY ALOCRANIUS AND ITS PROPAGATION IN HONGZE HU
  
DOI:
中文关键词: 
英文关键词: 
基金项目:
作者单位
张开翔 中国科学院南京地理研究所 
庄大栋 中国科学院南京地理研究所 
张立 中国科学院南京地理研究所 
高礼存 中国科学院南京地理研究所 
张静仪 中国科学院南京地理研究所 
徐爱珍 中国科学院南京地理研究所 
摘要点击次数: 1378
全文下载次数: 977
中文摘要:
      大银鱼(Protosalanx hyalocranius Abbott)分布很广,普见于东海、黄海和渤海沿海,以及江淮中下游河道和湖泊等水域,且构成湖泊银鱼的优势种群。 本文探讨了洪泽湖所产大银鱼的形态特征、繁殖、食性、洄游、生长与寿命;并列举出增殖大银鱼的关键性的措施。
英文摘要:
      Protosalanx pyalocranius is a small fish, but has fishery importance in HongzeHu. Investigation on the biology of this fish, including spawning, and embryologicaldevelopment, feeding habit, growth and life--span, was made mainly during the years1974--1975. Its diagnoses are the following: Body slender, elongate, subcylindrical anteriorly and compressed posteriorly. Headmuch depressed, with long, flat, pointed snout. Maxillaries ending beyond anteriorborder of eye; lower jaw projecting; two series of teeth on each side of the palatinelower jaw and tongue each with two series of teeth; no fleshy praesymphysial append-age; dorsal fin wholly in a short distance before anal, with about II, 15--17 rays; andanal III, 27--32 rays; petoral fin with a flaplike strang muscular base, with about24--27 rays; candal foked; vertabrae 67--70. Individuals of one year old attain sexual maturity. Spawning season begins from December 10th to March 10th of next year. Ripe eggs with external filaments. Spawn-ing is in the lake bay. Fertilized eggs sink to the bottom of the lake and hatch to friesin about a month at a temperature range of 4. 3°--8. 9℃; after spawning the parentssoon die. The feeding habit chinges with growth of the fish and the main food items forJuveniles below 70 mm. consist of Cladocera and Copepoda. When they attain a bodylenth of about 70 mm., they eat small fish and prawns. The fries grow fast, after three or four months, they reach fishing standards(40--70 mm.). If some measures of protection are taken for their propagation, the fish-yield may be increased.
HTML   查看全文   下载PDF阅读器
关闭

手机扫一扫看