文章摘要
陈国宜,张小平,周鸿侨,张敬国.不同生态因子对坛紫菜自由丝状体早期生长和光合作用活性的影响[J].水产学报,1984,8(2):115~124
不同生态因子对坛紫菜自由丝状体早期生长和光合作用活性的影响
THE EFFECT OF SOME ECOLOGICAL FACTOR ON THE PHOTOSYNTHETIC ACTIVITY OF FREE--LIVING FILAMENTS IN EARLY STAGE OF PORPHYRA HAIT ANENSIS
  修订日期:1992-06-01
DOI:
中文关键词: 鱼呼肠孤病毒  草鱼出血病  抗血清
英文关键词: 
基金项目:
作者单位
陈国宜 上海水产学院 
张小平 上海水产学院 
周鸿侨 上海水产学院 
张敬国 上海水产学院 
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中文摘要:
      本文研究了光照、温度、pH 和比重对实验室采集的果孢子和室温自然光下培养的丝状体光合作用活性的影响。发现果孢子和丝状体的光合作用活性,在7000Lux 以下,随着光照的增强而提高;水温在 10—25℃之间,光合作用活性随温度上升而提高;pH8.0和比重 1.025时,光合作用活性分别达到最高值。这与同期测定的果孢子萌发势和丝状体的长势的培养结果一致。
英文摘要:
      The effect of light intensity, temperature, pH and density of sea water in thephotosynthetic activity of carpores and free-living filaments was studied by usingthe oxygen electrode method. The results obtained are summarized as follows:1. The photosynthetic activity of carpospores depends on the time of exposure tolight; the activity of carpospores those not exposed to light is much lower than thoseexposed to light for 1--3 days.2. The activity of free--living filaments shows periodic alternation when culturedunder 12hr/12hr light-dark cycle, with the peak value in the middle of the lightphase and the valley in the middle of the dark phase.3. The activity is greatly raised when 5mM NaHCO_3 is added to sea water, indi-cating the need for standardizing the measuring condition.4. The activity of both carppores and the filaments shows a linear relationship- to light intensity over the range from 500 to 7000 Lux. While the activity of the fila-ments decreases when the intensity above 8000 Lux, whereas that of carpospores doesnot fall until 12,000 Lux.5. Within the temperature range of 10--25℃, the activity of carpospores andfilaments increases.6. The activity of carpospores and the filaments reaches to the hightest point atpH 8.0, less at 7.5 and 8.5, at 7.0 and 9.0 reaches to the lowest.7. For both stages, the highest activity appears at the sea water density of1.025.The resuls obtained are consistent with the germinating rate of carpospores andthe growth rate of the filaments. as well as the ecological observation.
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