文章摘要
董正之.抹香鲸的食物及其捕食习性[J].水产学报,1984,8(4):327~332
抹香鲸的食物及其捕食习性
THE FOOD AND FEEDING HABITS OF THE SPERM WHALE(PHYSETER GATODON LINNAEUS)
  
DOI:
中文关键词: 
英文关键词: 
基金项目:
作者单位
董正之 中国科学院海洋研究所 
摘要点击次数: 1335
全文下载次数: 1009
中文摘要:
      抹香鲸与头足类的捕食与被捕食关系,是海洋食物网中的重要组成部分。1978年在山东省胶南县海滩搁浅了一头抹香鲸,经对从其胃中取到的43个头足类角质颚分析鉴定,共发现帆乌贼等7个属。通过将其与世界其他海域抹香鲸胃中头足类组成的比较,论述了抹香鲸的捕食习性,抹香鲸与头足类在营养级金字塔中的位置,拟出了抹香鲸——头足类营养联系的模式。
英文摘要:
      A small collection of cephalopod beaks was obtained from the stomach of a sperm whale which stranded on a beach of diaonan, Shandong Province, an April 1978.List of cephalopods it3entified includes Histeoteuthis sp.,Onychoteuthis sp.,Octopoteu-this sp.,Taonius sp.Taoniussp.Architenthis sp.,Ocythoe tuberculata Rafinesque and Octopus sp.This article analysed the food and feeding habits, trophic loyal of sperm whales and the food chain relationship with oceanic squids. It is noted that the relation between sperim whales and oceanic squids is one of the most important types of predator--prey relationship in marine ecosystem.
HTML   查看全文   下载PDF阅读器
关闭

手机扫一扫看