文章摘要
郑经纶,虞宗敢,袁士方,徐伟源,徐英士,陈庆余.鱼苗、鱼种长途运输工艺和装置的研制[J].水产学报,1991,15(3):197~203
鱼苗、鱼种长途运输工艺和装置的研制
ON THE TECHNOLOGY AND EQUIPMENTS FOR TRANSPORTATION OF FRY AND FINGERLING IN LONG DISTANCE
投稿时间:1991-02-01  修订日期:1991-04-01
DOI:
中文关键词: 水净化  射流增氧  充气增氧  棚车
英文关键词: water purification  waterjet  blowing aeration  covered goods wagon
基金项目:
作者单位
郑经纶 渔业机械仪器研究所 上海 200092 
虞宗敢 渔业机械仪器研究所 上海 200092 
袁士方 渔业机械仪器研究所 上海 200092 
徐伟源 渔业机械仪器研究所 上海 200092 
徐英士 渔业机械仪器研究所 上海 200092 
陈庆余 渔业机械仪器研究所 上海 200092 
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中文摘要:
      本文介绍长途运输鱼苗、鱼种的几种工艺和设备。通过对鱼苗、种在运输途中影响其存活率的诸因素的实验室试验,得出对鱼苗采用水净化和射流淋水增氧,对鱼种采用充气增氧或充气增氧和水净化的方法,以增加容器中的氧和净化水质。根据工艺要求,研制成几种简易可行的苗、种运输装置。采用这些装置与传统运输苗、种方法比较,在装载密度上增加1倍,存活率提高20—30%。
英文摘要:
      A great amount of fish fry and fingerlings are transported from south-eastern part to north-eastern part of China every early spring. The long distant transportation by railroad must spend 4—7 days. For the purpose to assure the rate of survival and the high carrying density of fish, improved equipments and technique have been experimented and developed. The main factors affecting the survival rate of fry or fingerling are the purity and adequate dissolved oxygen in the water. In order to increase the dissolved oxygen content and purify the water in the containers,experiments of water purification and waterjet for fry and blowing aeration for fingerling are carried out. Some equipments which are simple and easy to operate with good performance have been developed successfully for transportation. The carrying density of fry or fingerling is doubly raised and the survival rate is increasesingly to 20—30% as compared with the traditional way.
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