文章摘要
孙小异,张建森,施永红,王建新,龚永生,朱根荣.建鲤遗传特性的研究[J].水产学报,1994,18(3):205~213
建鲤遗传特性的研究
STUDIES ON THE HEREDITARY PROPERTY OF JIAN CARP
投稿时间:1993-08-27  修订日期:1992-07-01
DOI:
中文关键词: 建鲤  品种  遗传特性
英文关键词: Jian carp  variety  hereditary property
基金项目:
作者单位
孙小异 中国水产科学研究院淡水渔业研究中心, 无锡 214081 
张建森 中国水产科学研究院淡水渔业研究中心, 无锡 214081 
施永红 中国水产科学研究院淡水渔业研究中心, 无锡 214081 
王建新 中国水产科学研究院淡水渔业研究中心, 无锡 214081 
龚永生 中国水产科学研究院淡水渔业研究中心, 无锡 214081 
朱根荣 无锡市充山水产养殖场, 214081 
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中文摘要:
      采用综合育种技术育成的建鲤,呈长体型,美观适中,青灰色,具有鲜明的品种特征.建鲤生长优势十分显著,其个体增重较荷包红鲤、元江鲤和荷元鲤分别高141.55%250.82%、80.46%96.71%和40.34%42.53%;群体增重分别高154.41%256.70%、93.30%100.38%和42.08%44.57%,并显著高于其它鲤鱼和杂交鲤,普遍能增产30%以上,当年可养成商品食用成鱼.建鲤还具有其它许多优良特性,能自繁自育,遗传性状稳定,其主要遗传性状稳定性和一致性可达99%以上,LDH与EST同工酶具有一定的特异性和稳定性.
英文摘要:
      Jian carp (Cyprinus carpio var. jian) developed by comprehensive breeding technique was a new variety with greyish,good fingue,strong disease resistance and delicious taste. The variety grew fast and expressed excellent hereditary properties in aquaculture. The individual and group weight gaines of the Jian carp were higher than Hebao red carp (Cyprinus carpio var. wuyunensis) by 141. 55-250. 82%and 154. 41-256. 70%, Yuangkiang carp (Cyprinus carpio yuankiang) by 80. 46-96. 71%and 93. 30-100. 38%,and Heyuang carp(Cyprinus carpio var. wuyunensis♀X C. carpio yuankiang )by 40. 34-42. 53%and 42. 08-44. 57%,respectively. Jian carp could attain the market size within one year and its growth rate was higher than other common carp by 30% too. As the stability and identity of main hereditary properties for Jian carp had reached above 99%,this new variety was able to self-reproduction. The LDH and EST of Jian carp had its particular biochemical hereditary properties and stability.
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