文章摘要
贾晓平.原油和燃油对南海重要海水增养殖生物的急性毒性试验[J].水产学报,2000,24(1):
原油和燃油对南海重要海水增养殖生物的急性毒性试验
Toxicity of crude oil and fuel oils to important mariculture and multiplication organisms of South China Sea
投稿时间:2014-04-17  修订日期:2014-04-17
DOI:
中文关键词: 仔虾 仔鱼 贝类 急性毒性 原油 燃油 海水污染
英文关键词: larval shrimp, larval fish, shellf ish, oils, lethal toxicity
基金项目:农业部.. 八五.. 重点科研资助项目( 石油对南海北部重要水产经济品种影响的研究) , 85- 91- 11- 08 号
作者单位地址
贾晓平 中国水产科学研究院南海水产研究所 中国水产科学研究院南海水产研究所
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中文摘要:
      测定了南海原油、0 号柴油和20 号柴油对3 种仔虾、4 种仔鱼和4 种贝类的急性毒性。油类 对仔鱼和仔虾的毒性大小顺序为: 0 号柴油> 20 号柴油> 南海原油; 对3 种贝类( 文蛤除外) 的毒性大小顺序 为0 号柴油> 南海原油。油类分散液的毒性大于其水溶性组分。在曝油的3 种仔虾中, 刀额新对虾对0 号柴 油和20 号柴油的耐受力最弱, 而日本对虾对南海原油最为敏感。曝油仔鱼对3 种油类的耐受力顺序为: 黄鳍 鲷> 前鳞鲻> 黑鲷, 而七星鲈对0 号柴油最为敏感。贝类对2 种油类的耐受力顺序为: 文蛤> 波纹巴菲蛤> 毛蚶> 翡翠贻贝。在三类受试生物中, 对油类的耐受力顺序为: 贝类> 鱼类> 虾类。
英文摘要:
      Lethal toxicity of Nanhai crude oil, No. 0 fuel o il and No. 20 fuel oil to 3 species of larval shrimps, 4 species of larval f ishes and 4 species of shellf ishes was measured by controlled oil exposure experiments. The results show that the toxicity of the oils is in the order of No. 0 fuel oil > No. 20 fuel oil > Nanhai crude oil for both larval f ishes and larval shrimps, while toxicity order for the 3 species of shellfishes except Meretrix meretrix is No. 0 fuel oil > Nanhai crude oil. The dispersed Nanhai crude oil and No. 0 fuel oil are more toxic than their water soluble fractions. Among the 3 species of larval shrimps, Metapenaeus ensis is the most sensitive species to both No. 0 fuel oil and No. 20 fuel oil, while Penaeus japonicus is the most sensitive species to Nanhai crude oil. To lerance order of the larval f ishes to the 3 kinds of oils is Sparus latus > Mugil ophuyseni > Sparus macrocephalus, while the most sensit ive species to No. 0 fuel oil is Lateolabrax japonicus. Tolerance order of the shellfishes to No. 0 fuel oil and Nanhai crude oil is Meretrix meretrix > Paphia undulata > Scapharca subcrenata > Mytilus smaragdimus. In general, tolerance order of the exposured organisms to the o ils is shellfishes > fishes > shrimps.
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