文章摘要
杨宁.文蛤消化道粘液细胞研究[J].水产学报,2005,29(4):
文蛤消化道粘液细胞研究
Mucous cells in the alimentary tract of Meretrix meretrix
投稿时间:2014-03-10  修订日期:2014-03-10
DOI:
中文关键词: 文蛤 消化道 粘液细胞
英文关键词: Meretrix meretrix alimentary tract mucous cell
基金项目:教育部长江学者奖励计划,教育部重点实验室基金
作者单位地址
杨宁 中国海洋大学海水养殖教育部重点实验室 中国海洋大学海水养殖教育部重点实验室
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中文摘要:
      运用组织学和组织化学染色方法, 在光镜水平上研究了文蛤消化道粘液细胞的类型、分布与组化特性.H.E染色法显示,粘液细胞主要存在于消化道上皮组织中,仅唇瓣结缔组织中发现有少量的粘液细胞.AB-PAS染色法显示:文蛤消化道粘液细胞主要分为4种类型,I型:呈红色,AB阴性,PAS阳性,含有中性粘液物质;II型:呈蓝色,AB阳性,PAS阴性,含有酸性粘液物质;III型:AB和PAS均呈阳性,但PAS阳性较强,两种粘液物质均含有,但中性粘液物质含量多;IV型:AB和PAS均呈阳性,但AB阳性较强,两种粘液物质均含有,但酸性粘液物质含量多.不同部位粘液细胞的类型、数量不同.唇瓣粘液细胞的数量较少,食道含有大量的粘液细胞,胃、肠、直肠中粘液细胞的数量以胃中最少,肠次之,直肠最多.AB-PAS(AB pH 1.0)染色法显示:粘液细胞所含酸性粘液物质包括硫酸性粘液物质和涎酸性粘液物质,且唇瓣和直肠中粘液细胞所含的涎酸性粘液物质比硫酸性粘液物质多.酶组化研究结果显示,肠粘液细胞具有弱酸性磷酸酶、弱碱性磷酸酶活性.
英文摘要:
      Meretrix meretrix Linnaeus is an important cultivated mollusk in north China. As a series of studies, which have been carried out since 2001, the mucous cells in the alimentary tract of M. meretrix were examined with histology and histochemistry methods by the light microscopy. The aim was to offer theoretical evidence for the studies of digestion and the culture of M. meretrix. The distribution of mucous cells in the alimentary tract was revealed by hematoxylin and eosin( H. E) dyeing method, which indicated that the mucous cells were distributed in all of the digestive organs including labella, mouth, esophagus, stomach, intestines, rectum, etc, and mostly existed in epidermis. Only a small quantity of mucous cells existed in connective tissue of labella. The types and distributions of mucous cells were observed and analyzed also by AB-PAS(alcian blue and periodic acid Schiff's reaction, AB pH 2.5) dyeing method. Based on the observations, the mucous cells belonged to four types: type Ⅰ, pure red, PAS positive and AB negative, the cells included neutral mucopolysaccharide; type Ⅱ, pure blue, PAS negative and AB positive, the cells included acid one; type Ⅲ, PAS positive more than AB, the cells included mixed mucopolysaccharide, more neutral than acid, and type Ⅳ, AB positive more than PAS, these cells included mixed mucopolysaccharide, more acid than neutral ones. The statistic results showed that, in different parts, the mucous cells had different types and densities. There was a small quantity of mucous cells in labellurn, and most of them existed in the ruga part. The types of the mucous cells of labellum were types Ⅱ and Ⅳ. There were large quantities of mucous cells in esophagus, which belonged to all four types. There were more mucous cells in stomach than in labellurn, but less than in esophagus. The mucous cells include four types, and the distribution of the mucous cells is dispersed. The mucous cells in intestines increase dramatically. Most mucous cells lie in the rectum, consisting of types Ⅱ, Ⅲ, and Ⅳ. By the studies of AB - PAS (AB, pH1. 0), it was found that the mucus included neutral mucopolysaccharide, and acid one that included sulphate mucopoiysaccharide and carbonic mucopolysaccharide. The most competent of acid mucopolysaccharide in labella and rectum was carbonic mucopolysaccharide, only a little was sulphate mucopolysaccharide. In addition, the mucous cells had acid phosphoataes (ACP) and alkaline phosphoataes (AKP) activity, but the activity was weak. Our work exhibited that the mucus released from mucous cells had the activity of ACP and AKP.
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