文章摘要
赵利.水产品中生物胺的研究进展[J].水产学报,2006,30(2):
水产品中生物胺的研究进展
Research progress of biogenic amine in aquatic product
投稿时间:2014-03-08  修订日期:2014-03-08
DOI:
中文关键词: 水产品 生物胺 生理活性
英文关键词: aquatic product biogenic amine physiological activity
基金项目:江西省科技厅农业攻关计划项目(赣科发计字2004第268号)
作者单位地址
赵利 江西科技师范学院生命科学学院 江西科技师范学院生命科学学院
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中文摘要:
      生物胺(biogenic amine)是一类低分子量含氮有机化合物的总称。在生物体内,生物胺最主要的生物合成途径是氨基酸经脱羧酶类催化的脱羧反应,生成相应的胺和CO2,通式如下.
英文摘要:
      Biogenic amines are basic nitrogenous compounds with low-molecule-mass, and occur universally in animals, plants and femented foods. Biogenic amines possess the function of physiology and toxicity. Biogenic amines are formed by decarboxylation of their precursor amino acids, as a result of the action of either endogenous amino acid decarboxylase activity or by the growth of decarboxylase positive microorganisms. The content of biogenic amine depended on the characteristic of food and the varieties of microorganisms in it. A lot of proteins existed in aquatic products, and peptides and amino acids were produced in the course of processing and storing. Subsequently biogenic amines were transformed easily by these low-molecule-mass matters. The varieties and the biosynthetic mechanism of biogenic amines, and the factors affecting the formation of biogenic amines in diferent aquatic product were summarized. The analytical methods for the detemfining of biogenic amines were introduced, and the control measures preventing the formation of biogenic amines were discussed.
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