文章摘要
曾令清,李凤杰,曹振东,张耀光.南方鲇幼鱼的胃排空特征及其数学模型[J].水产学报,2011,35(2):231~237
南方鲇幼鱼的胃排空特征及其数学模型
The analysis of gastric evacuation characteristics and associated mathematical models in juvenile southern catfish(Silurus meridionalis)
投稿时间:2010-10-04  修订日期:2010-11-14
DOI:10.3724/SP.J.1231
中文关键词: 南方鲇  胃排空率  数学模型  消化生理
英文关键词: Silurus meridionalis  gastric evacuation rate  mathematical model  digestion physiology
基金项目:公益性行业(农业)科研专项经费项目(200903048);西南大学研究生科技创新项目(ky2009008)
作者单位
曾令清 西南大学生命科学学院,淡水鱼类资源与生殖发育教育部重点实验室,水产科学重庆市市级重点实验室 
李凤杰 西南大学生命科学学院,淡水鱼类资源与生殖发育教育部重点实验室,水产科学重庆市市级重点实验室 
曹振东 重庆师范大学生命科学学院,进化生理与行为学实验室 
张耀光 重庆师范大学生命科学学院,进化生理与行为学实验室 
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中文摘要:
      为考察摄食后专性肉食性鱼类南方鲇幼鱼胃内容物重量的变化特征并确定其最优数学模型,研究以南方鲇幼鱼为实验对象,在25 ℃条件下以6%(5.8%±0.2%)鱼体重的新鲜泥鳅肉块[(3.33±0.09) g]为实验饵料,分别在摄食后0、2、4、8、16、24、36、48 h测定南方鲇幼鱼[(58.45±1.66) g,(19.4±0.2) cm,n=48]胃内容物的湿重和干重。研究结果表明,随摄食后时间的延长,胃内容物的湿重和干重均显著下降(P<0.01),二者的摄食量百分比也具类似的变化特征(P<0.01);三种数学模型均能较好地拟合胃内容物重量的变化过程,但三者之间在以相关系数(R2)、残差平方和(RSS)及残差的标准差(SDR)为标准仍存在明显差异。用平方根模型对南方鲇幼鱼胃内容物湿重和干重数据的拟合结果最优,其方程分别为Y0.5=1.889-0.051×t(R2=0.87,P<0.001)和Y0.5=0.870-0.024×t(R2=0.86,P<0.001);南方鲇幼鱼在25 ℃下的胃排空率为0.051 g/h,其99%胃排空时间为36.7 h,该种鱼近99%胃排空时间的实测值为餐后36 h,这与最优数学模型的计算结果较为接近;南方鲇与鲇具有类似的胃排空特征和相同的最优数学排空模型。
英文摘要:
      To examine the change traits of chyme mass and fit to the gastric evacuation data in juvenile southern catfish(Silurus meridionalis),forty eight experimental fish[(58.45±1.66) g,(19.4±0.2) cm]were fed individually with a loach meal[(3.33±0.09) g]equivalent to 6%(5.8%±0.2%)of the catfish’s body mass,and removed from the various intervals(0,2,4,8,16,24,36,48 h)after feeding at 25 ℃.The wet and dry mass of the chyme were determined and the applicability of three mathematical models was compared by the good of fitness fitted to gastric evacuation data in juvenile southern catfish.The results of present study showed that:the wet and dry mass of remaining food in stomach as well as percentage of food residual decreased profoundly as postprandial time increased;Though three mathematical models all fitted well the gastric evacuation data,there still were several significant differences among these regression results.As mentioned above,it suggested that the best mathematical model fitted to gastric evacuation data in juvenile southern catfish was the square root model and its regression equations for wet mass and dry mass of the chyme mass were Y0.5=1.889-0.051×t(R2=0.87,P<0.001)and Y0.5=0.870-0.024×t(R2=0.86,P<0.001),respectively;The gastric evacuation rate of S.meridionalis was among the range of 0.051 g/h,and the 99% of gastric evacuation time was among the range of 36.7 h which was similar to the actual measurement values(36 h)in the present study;The juvenile southern catfish and Chinese catfish possess the similar gastric evacuation characters and the optimum mathematical model was the square root model.
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