文章摘要
崔志辉,周小玉,张根芳,胡忠军,刘其根,鄢灵兰,李家乐.鲢鳙混养对三角帆蚌生长和养殖水质影响的围隔实验[J].水产学报,2012,36(2):278~283
鲢鳙混养对三角帆蚌生长和养殖水质影响的围隔实验
Effect of silver carp(Hypophthalmichthys molitrix)and bighead carp (Aristichthys nobilis)on growth and culturing water quality for pearl mussel(Hyriopsis cumingii)
投稿时间:2011-03-09  修订日期:2011-05-19
DOI:10.3724/SP.J.1231.27415
中文关键词: 三角帆蚌      混养比例  围隔
英文关键词: Hyriopsis cumingii  Hypophthalmichthys molitrix  Aristichthys nobilis  two-carp ratio  enclosure
基金项目:公益性行业(农业)科研专项(200903028);上海市重点学科建设项目(Y1101)
作者单位
崔志辉 上海海洋大学农业部水产种质资源与利用重点开放实验室 
周小玉 上海海洋大学农业部水产种质资源与利用重点开放实验室 
张根芳 浙江金华职业技术学院 
胡忠军 上海海洋大学农业部水产种质资源与利用重点开放实验室 
刘其根 上海海洋大学农业部水产种质资源与利用重点开放实验室 
鄢灵兰 上海海洋大学农业部水产种质资源与利用重点开放实验室 
李家乐 上海海洋大学农业部水产种质资源与利用重点开放实验室 
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中文摘要:
      2008年4月23日—9月21日通过围隔实验,研究了不同鲢鳙混养比例对三角帆蚌生长及水化学指标的影响。实验中鲢鳙混养比例设置了6个水平,分别为0/0(对照组),100/0,70/30,50/50,30/70和0/100。实验开始和结束时测量三角帆蚌湿重,壳长和壳宽。每个月上下旬测量围隔水化学指标包括NO3-N、NO2-N、NH3-N、TN、TP、PO4-P和COD。实验结果表明,鲢鳙混养比例100/0的围隔蚌壳长相对生长率显著低于混养比例0/0,50/50和0/100的围隔(P<0.05),而不同混养比例下蚌的成活率、蚌壳宽及蚌重增长均无显著差异(P>0.05)。从水质来看,混养比例30/70围隔TP显著低于100/0(P<0.05),COD显著低于100/0及70/30(P<0.05),NH3-N显著低于100/0(P<0.05)以及PO4-P显著低于70/30(P<0.05)。因此,综合蚌生长及水质指标,混养比例30/70围隔对三角帆蚌养殖最有利。
英文摘要:
      To examine the effect of different two-carp ratios between silver carp Hypophthalmichthys molitrix and bighead carp Aristichthys nobilis cocultured in the mussel pond on growth of freshwater pearl mussel Hyriopsis cumingii and water quality,an enclosure experiment was carried out in Tangxi of Zhejiang Province from April 23 to September 21,2008.Two-carp ratio was set at six levels:0/0(control group),100/0,70/30,50/50,30/70 and 0/100.Shell length,shell width and wet weight of pearl mussels were measured at the beginning and the end of the experiment,respectively; and the water quality parameters including NO3-N,NO2-N,NH3-N,TN,TP,PO4-P,COD were determined twice a month during the experiment.The results showed that the relative growth rate of mussel shell length in level 100/0(silver carp vs.bighead carp ratio)were significantly lower than that of levels 0/0,50/50 and 0/100(P<0.05),and no significant differences were found among survival rate,growth rate of shell width and wet weight of mussels at various polyculturing two-carp ratio levels(P>0.05).Besides,enclosures at level of 30/70 had better water quality in which TP was significantly lower than 100/0(P<0.05),COD was significantly lower than 100/0 and 70/30(P<0.05),NH3-N was significantly lower than 100/0(P<0.05)and PO4-P was significantly lower than 70/30(P<0.05).So the ratio of 30/70 of silver carp vs.the bighead carp was the best polyculture ratio for mussel culture in terms of the growth and water quality parameters.
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