文章摘要
易传剑,周梅芳,俞存根.政府规制理论在我国近海渔业管理中应用的探讨[J].水产学报,2012,36(5):787~793
政府规制理论在我国近海渔业管理中应用的探讨
Study on theory and application of government regulation to fisheries management in offshore china
投稿时间:2012-01-03  修订日期:2012-02-14
DOI:10.3724/SP.J.1231
中文关键词: 渔业管理  捕捞许可  政府规制  合作性治理
英文关键词: fisheries management  fishing license  government regulation  cooperation-based governance
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(30970464)
作者单位
易传剑 浙江大学光华法学院 
周梅芳 浙江海洋学院人文学院 
俞存根 浙江海洋学院人文学院 
摘要点击次数: 1934
全文下载次数: 1930
中文摘要:
      自由准入状态导致了渔业资源产权的不确定性, 过度投资和过度利用使得渔业资源过度消耗。要实现渔业资源的可持续发展就必须对渔业进行适当的规制。政府规制是指政府直接干预微观经济主体活动的一种行为方式, 可分为经济性规制和社会性规制。渔业规制关注的不仅仅是管理的合法性问题, 更多的是管理的最佳性问题, 即用最佳管理方式实现渔业的可持续性发展。随着现代社会政府与公民的二元对立观念不断减弱, 管理者与被管理者由对立转向合作, 传统的以(捕捞)许可为中心的渔业管理方式已经不适应现代渔业管理的发展, 有必要引进政府规制理论提升和改造命令控制式的渔业规制方式。本研究基于政府规制理论提出了“合作性治理”模式, 改变了“政府—渔民”两方博弈为多主体共同管理, 通过创设合理的产权制度、有效的激励性规制和成本效益分析方法建立起合作、共享机制以实现渔业管理的目的。
英文摘要:
      Free access has led to the uncertainty of fishery resources’ equity. Over-investment and over-exploitation make fishery resources excessively consumed. To achieve the sustainable development of fishery resources it is necessary to regulate fisheries appropriately. Government Regulation refers to a means of government’s direct intervention in the micro-economic activities, can be divided into economic regulation and social regulation. Fisheries regulation is not only concerned about the legality of the management, but also the best issues of management, that is, the best way to make fisheries development sustainable. With the concept of binary opposition between the modern society and government and the citizens diminishing, governors and general civilian transform from the confrontation to cooperation. The traditional fishing-license-centered approach to fisheries management has not suited to the development of modern fisheries management. The fundamental problem of fisheries management can not be changed with the mode of input control and output control. So it is necessary to enhance the introduction of government regulation theory, upgrade and reform the approaches to fishing regulation of control style. Based on the theory of Government Regulation this paper offers the ‘cooperation-based governance’ mode, changes "government - the fishermen," the two sides of the game into the multi-agent management, creates a reasonable system of property rights and establishes cooperation and sharing mechanisms to achieve the purposes of fisheries management through effective incentive regulation and cost-benefit analysis.
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