文章摘要
夏立群,童邦卓,徐亮,苏泽杰,陈锐敏,廖保山,鲁义善.一种(鱼师)鱼诺卡氏菌酪氨酸蛋白磷酸酶基因的克隆及功能初步研究[J].水产学报,2017,41(7):1017~1027
一种(鱼师)鱼诺卡氏菌酪氨酸蛋白磷酸酶基因的克隆及功能初步研究
Gene cloning and preliminary function study of protein tyrosine phosphatase from Nocardia seriolae
投稿时间:2016-12-21  修订日期:2017-03-23
DOI:10.11964/jfc.20161210654
中文关键词: (鱼师)鱼诺卡氏菌  酪氨酸蛋白磷酸酶  分泌蛋白  亚细胞定位  细胞凋亡
英文关键词: Nocardia seriolae  protein tyrosine phosphatase (PTP)  secreted protein  subcellular localization  cell apoptosis
基金项目:广东省科技发展专项资金(2016A050502061);广东省自然科学基金(2014A030313602);深圳市科技计划项目(JCYJ20170306161613251);深圳大鹏新区产业发展专项(KY20160207);湛江市科技攻关计划(2014b01043);广东省攀登计划(pdjh2016b0234)
作者单位E-mail
夏立群 广东海洋大学水产学院, 广东 湛江 524088
广东省水产经济动物病原生物学及流行病学重点实验室, 广东 湛江 524088 
 
童邦卓 广东海洋大学水产学院, 广东 湛江 524088  
徐亮 广东海洋大学水产学院, 广东 湛江 524088  
苏泽杰 广东海洋大学水产学院, 广东 湛江 524088  
陈锐敏 广东海洋大学水产学院, 广东 湛江 524088  
廖保山 广东海洋大学水产学院, 广东 湛江 524088  
鲁义善 广东海洋大学水产学院, 广东 湛江 524088
广东省水产经济动物病原生物学及流行病学重点实验室, 广东 湛江 524088
广东海洋大学深圳研究院, 广东 深圳 518108 
fishdis@163.com 
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中文摘要:
      (鱼师)鱼诺卡氏菌是鱼类诺卡氏菌病的主要病原,可导致鱼类慢性系统性肉芽肿疾病。(鱼师)鱼诺卡氏菌全基因组序列分析发现了一个酪氨酸蛋白磷酸酶(protein tyrosine phosphtase,PTP)基因,生物信息学分析显示该基因很可能编码一个靶向定位于宿主细胞线粒体的分泌蛋白。本实验对(鱼师)鱼诺卡氏菌PTP进行了基因克隆、分泌蛋白鉴定、亚细胞定位、过表达和线粒体膜电位检测,结果显示,在(鱼师)鱼诺卡氏菌胞外产物中质谱鉴定到了PTP肽段,证实其为分泌蛋白。亚细胞定位研究观察到PTP-GFP融合蛋白均匀地分布在FHM细胞中,与线粒体分布不重合,说明(鱼师)鱼诺卡氏菌PTP蛋白并未靶向定位于线粒体。亚细胞定位和过表达研究都显示PTP蛋白在FHM细胞中表达后,细胞核出现固缩浓染、凋亡小体等明显的细胞凋亡特征。通过线粒体膜电位检测表明,在pcDNA-PTP转染后48 h,线粒体跨膜电位被明显破坏,说明(鱼师)鱼诺卡氏菌PTP很可能是一种可诱导细胞凋亡的细菌蛋白。通过对(鱼师)鱼诺卡氏菌PTP开展基因克隆和功能初步研究,为进一步揭示该基因的功能和深入了解(鱼师)鱼诺卡氏菌的分子致病机理奠定了基础。
英文摘要:
      Nocardia seriolae is the main pathogen of fish nocardiosis, which is a chronic systemic granuloma disease of fish. A gene of protein tyrosine phosphatase (PTP) was found by analyzing the whole genome sequence of N. seriolae, and bioinformatics analysis showed that the PTP gene mayencode a secreted protein which could possibly target host cell mitochondria. In this study, the gene cloning, subcellular localization, over-expression and mitochondrial membrane potential detection were carried out. The results showed that the protein PTP was identified in the extracellular products of N. seriolae, which confirmed that PTP was a secreted protein. Subcellular localization of PTP-GFP fusion proteins were evenly distributed in the whole cell of FHM cells, and did not coincide with the distribution of mitochondria, which indicated that the protein PTP was not targeted at mitochondria. Typical apoptotic features, such as nuclear pyrosis and apoptotic bodies, were found when PTP protein was expressed in FHM cells by both subcellular localization and over-expression studies. The mitochondrial membrane potential was significantly damaged in FHM at 48h after the transfection of pcDNA-PTP, which confirmed that PTP was a bacterial protein which can likely induce cell apoptosis. The gene cloning and preliminary function study of PTP from N. seriolae have laid the foundation for further research on the gene and for promoting the understanding of the pathogenic mechanism of N. seriolae.
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