文章摘要
环境胁迫与抗逆育种的评价和应用
Evaluation and application of environmental stress and stress resistance breeding
投稿时间:2019-09-18  修订日期:2019-12-25
DOI:
中文关键词: 水产种业  环境胁迫  应对方式  抗逆育种  
英文关键词: aquaculture seed industry  environmental stress  coping style  stress resistant breeding  
基金项目:国家自然科学基金(31572599;41376134)
作者单位E-mail
吕为群 上海海洋大学 wqlv@shou.edu.cn 
桂建芳 中国科学院水生生物研究所 jfgui@ihb.ac.cn 
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中文摘要:
      发展现代水产种业,引领水产养殖绿色发展,成为未来可持续发展水产养殖业的保障。鼓励产业选育推广优质、高效、多抗、安全的水产养殖新品种,由单纯高产品种转向适宜生态化、集约化养殖模式的优质高效、节料节药、抗逆性强、适应性广的品种。本文分析了当前水产种业存在的一些问题,剖析了优质、高效、多抗水产养殖品种的耐应激本质,围绕应激反应、应激恢复、应激应对方式在畜禽种业中应用案例等,提出了环境限制育种理念和未来综合性抗逆育种技术发展方向,助推水产养殖业的可持续发展。
英文摘要:
      Developing modern aquaculture seed industry, leading the green development of aquaculture, will secure the sustainable aquaculture industry in the future. New aquaculture varieties with high quality, high efficiency, multi-resistance and safety advantages should be encouraged to breed and popularize in aquaculture seed industry, and shift from pure high-production yield to high quality, high efficiency, feed saving, drug saving, stress resistant and wide adaptability varieties suitable for ecological and intensive aquaculture mode. In this paper, some problems existing in aquaculture seed industry were analyzed, and indicated that the foundation of high quality, high efficiency and multi-resistance aquaculture varieties is stress resistance. Arrange of topics related to stress resistance select breeding technology, including stress response, stress recovery, stress coping style and the case studies of stress coping style in animal and poultry seed industry were discussed, the concept of environmental restricted breeding and the future direction of comprehensive stress resistance breeding technology were introduced, it will lay the foundation and leading forward to promote sustainable aquaculture in China.
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