文章摘要
刘必林,陈新军.头足类角质颚的研究进展[J].水产学报,2009,33(1):157~164
头足类角质颚的研究进展
Review on the Research Development of beaks in Cephalopod
投稿时间:2007-10-14  修订日期:2008-04-08
DOI:10.3724/SP.J.00001
中文关键词: 角质颚  头足类  形态特征  分类学  生物学
英文关键词: Cephalopod  beak  morphology characteristic  taxonomy  biology
基金项目:国家重点基础研究发展计划
作者单位E-mail
刘必林 上海水产大学 bl-liu@shfu.edu.cn 
陈新军 上海水产大学 xjchen@shfu.edu.cn 
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中文摘要:
      随着世界传统经济渔业资源的衰退,头足类资源的开发和利用得到各国的普遍重视,对其资源状况、生物学等方面的研究得到不断地开展。角质颚是头足类的主要捕食器官和硬质组织之一,具有结构稳定、耐腐蚀、储存信息良好等特点,可作为分类和生物学研究等的重要材料。本文根据国内外学者对其研究的成果,系统描述了角质颚的形态特征,对其在头足类生物学和分类地位、资源量估算、捕食动物的食性分析等方面的应用研究做了综述。分析认为,尽管角质颚在头足类研究中已取得一定的进展,但其在年龄鉴定和资源评估等方面还面临着一些问题,需要在以后的研究过程中加以解决。
英文摘要:
      Along with traditional world economic fisheries resource decline, the exploitation and utilization of Cephalopod resource have been recognized generally in the world and studies on resource condition and biology were made much progress. Beak with the features of steady structure, erode-resistant and better information storing is one of hard and main predation organs of Cephalopod, and it not only play an important role in taxonomy also as a good tool to study Cephalopod biology. Based on the studies conducted by some authors at home and abroad, our paper describe the morphological characteristics of beak and review the studies of beaks that applied in Cephalopod biology, taxonomy, stock estimation and feeding habits of predators. The results shows that some problems still exist in age identifying and stock estimating, which should be solved in the recent future although a certain progress has been made.
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